Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid surgery is also called thyroidectomy, or removal of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a gland at the base of your neck that is shaped like a butterfly. It produces thyroid hormone, which is involved in nearly every one of your body’s processes. It helps regulate your body temperature, metabolism and use of energy, and heart rate, for example.

When you first visit Dr. Fletcher, your condition will be evaluated so that a diagnosis can be made and you and the doctor can discuss your treatment options. The doctor will review your medical history and may ask you questions about any symptoms, such as trouble with breathing or swallowing.

Thyroid Surgery for Hyperthyroidism and Thyroid Cancer

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid is overactive and your body produces too much thyroid hormone. Causes can include Graves disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. These can be treated with medications, but you can still experience an enlarged thyroid gland, known as goiter, that needs to be removed.

Cancer can be another cause of needing thyroid surgery. Papillary thyroid cancer is most common. A tumor or nodule can be spotted with imaging techniques, and you may need to have the nodule removed and analyzed for signs of cancer.

What to Expect with Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid surgery occurs under general anesthesia. You will fast the day of your surgery. The procedure takes several hours, and you may stay in the hospital for a full 24 hours. It typically takes about 10 days for you to be able to return to regular activities. Complications can include low calcium or potassium levels, bleeding, and infection.

Compassionate and Individualized Care

At the Georgia Center for Ear, Nose and Throat Center, we believe in treating each patient with the compassion and respect you deserve. We aim to make you feel comfortable from the moment you step in the door until you are completely recovered from your surgery. Our goal is to make you feel better.